- DTN Headline News
Prevented-Planting Changes
By Chris Clayton
Friday, December 4, 2020 2:49PM CST

OMAHA (DTN) -- USDA's Risk Management Agency has finalized a crop insurance change for spring-planted crops that will require farms nationally to meet the "1-in-4" planting requirement for acres to be eligible for prevented-planting coverage.

The change was among multiple policy tweaks that will go into effect for 2021 spring crops. The Risk Management Agency (RMA) is following up on several changes to crop insurance that had been proposed through a task force which met following the 2019 crop year, which saw nearly 20 million acres with prevented-planting claims. RMA had initially announced the rule differences in August, but the changes were finalized in a Federal Register posting on Nov. 30.

"These improvements are the result of feedback from producer groups and other stakeholders," said RMA Administrator Martin Barbre. "These changes will improve prevented-planting coverage and the beginning and veteran farmer and rancher program for years to come."

The "1-in-4" rule began in the Prairie Pothole region starting in the 2012 crop year. Under the provision, crop acreage must have been planted and harvested at least once in the last four years to be eligible for prevented-planting coverage. For spring crops, the rule will go into effect nationally for the 2021 crop year. The provision applies to physical acreage. The acreage must have been planted and harvested at least once from 2017 through 2020 crop years.

If acreage fails to meet the "1-in-4" rule, the ground must be planted, insured and harvested, or have an adjusted claim for loss after planting for two consecutive years before becoming eligible again for prevented-planting coverage.

For the 2020 crop year, USDA's Farm Service Agency reports 10.2 million acres prevented from planting, which included 3 million acres in North Dakota and 1.7 million acres in South Dakota, both of which are at the heart of the Prairie Pothole region. Outside of that region, Arkansas also had 1 million acres of prevented-planting acres. Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri and Texas each reported at least 395,000 acres of prevented-planting acres as well.

A separate rule change will solve a complication that came up for a small number of producers in 2019 regarding the way prevented-planting acres are counted when uninsured crops are planted. Effectively, prevented-planting acres would no longer be subtracted on a field when an insured crop fails in part of the field and is replanted with a different uninsured crop.

In a nuance to deal with crop rotation for a farmer in a new county, USDA will allow the use of intended acreage reports to establish eligible prevented-planting acres for the first two years, instead of only the first year, for farmers who are new to a county where they never produced a crop.

In another rule change, farmers will be able to receive a prevented-planting payment on different crops in a field if they can show they had intended to plant those acres to a different crop. For instance, a farmer could claim prevented acres for corn instead of soybeans, even though part of the field is planted to soybeans. To qualify, the unplanted section of the field must be at least 20 acres or 20% of the total acres in the field. A farmer would also have to provide proof to back the claim, such as seed receipts and fertilizer inputs to show the field was supposed to be planted to a certain crop.

Another insurance change will allow a beginning or veteran farmer with farming experience to use the Actual Production History (APH) yield on acreage of the previous producer on the ground. To receive that APH profile, the beginning or veteran farmer or rancher has to show they were previously involved in decision-making or physical work on the crop or livestock of any farm. This rule expands an APH profile that only gave the history to a beginning or veteran farmer who had been previously worked on that specific acreage.

Chris Clayton can be reached at Chris.Clayton@dtn.com

Follow him on Twitter @ChrisClaytonDTN


blog iconDTN Blogs & Forums
DTN Market Matters Blog
Editorial Staff
Friday, December 4, 2020 10:18AM CST
Wednesday, December 2, 2020 2:07PM CST
Wednesday, December 2, 2020 2:07PM CST
Technically Speaking
Editorial Staff
Monday, November 30, 2020 8:26AM CST
Monday, November 23, 2020 8:47AM CST
Monday, November 16, 2020 8:17AM CST
Fundamentally Speaking
Joel Karlin
DTN Contributing Analyst
Friday, December 4, 2020 8:11AM CST
Wednesday, December 2, 2020 11:12AM CST
Wednesday, November 25, 2020 11:18AM CST
DTN Ag Policy Blog
Chris Clayton
DTN Ag Policy Editor
Friday, December 4, 2020 8:18AM CST
Thursday, December 3, 2020 10:53AM CST
Thursday, December 3, 2020 6:05AM CST
Minding Ag's Business
Katie Behlinger
Farm Business Editor
Monday, October 26, 2020 3:01PM CST
Tuesday, October 6, 2020 11:26AM CST
Thursday, August 27, 2020 9:04AM CST
DTN Ag Weather Forum
Bryce Anderson
DTN Ag Meteorologist and DTN Analyst
Tuesday, December 1, 2020 2:44PM CST
Tuesday, November 24, 2020 12:57PM CST
Friday, November 20, 2020 2:35PM CST
DTN Production Blog
Pam Smith
Crops Technology Editor
Wednesday, November 18, 2020 7:47AM CST
Tuesday, November 10, 2020 4:56PM CST
Tuesday, November 3, 2020 10:21AM CST
Harrington's Sort & Cull
John Harrington
DTN Livestock Analyst
Monday, November 30, 2020 12:12PM CST
Monday, November 23, 2020 12:18PM CST
Monday, November 9, 2020 4:42PM CST
South America Calling
Editorial Staff
Tuesday, December 1, 2020 1:31PM CST
Wednesday, November 25, 2020 12:50PM CST
Monday, November 16, 2020 2:40PM CST
An Urban’s Rural View
Urban Lehner
Editor Emeritus
Tuesday, December 1, 2020 4:27PM CST
Friday, November 20, 2020 12:45PM CST
Monday, November 9, 2020 12:52PM CST
Machinery Chatter
Dan Miller
Progressive Farmer Senior Editor
Friday, December 4, 2020 12:00PM CST
Friday, November 27, 2020 5:10AM CST
Friday, November 13, 2020 12:40PM CST
Canadian Markets
Cliff Jamieson
Canadian Grains Analyst
Friday, December 4, 2020 2:56PM CST
Thursday, December 3, 2020 3:22PM CST
Wednesday, December 2, 2020 3:11PM CST
Editor’s Notebook
Greg D. Horstmeier
DTN Editor-in-Chief
Wednesday, December 2, 2020 12:37PM CST
Friday, September 4, 2020 3:48PM CST
Thursday, August 13, 2020 11:42AM CST
Copyright DTN. All rights reserved. Disclaimer.
Powered By DTN